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The Difference Between Opiates and Opioids

The word “opiate” typically brings to mind the opium poppy plant from which it originates. On the other hand, the word “opioid” is less common and refers to a different substance altogether. Although it is a common mistake to categorize these narcotic substances together, the clear differences between these drugs affects the way you should recover from their addictions. Opiods vs. Opiates An opiate is a...

Alcoholism’s Common Co-Occurring Disorders

Alcohol, which travels the body through the bloodstream, is largely absorbed in the stomach and small intestine, and when the alcohol level exceeds the body’s ability to absorb it, the person becomes drunk. The 2013 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) says more than half of Americans ages 12 and older are active drinkers, and nearly a quarter binge drank in the previous 30 days. While many people can...

What Makes Zohydro Dangerous?

Zohydro is a new drug that has recently been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). It is a prescription painkiller composed solely of hydrocodone, a drug that has until now only been available as a combination drug with acetaminophen or ibuprofen. While this drug certainly has the potential to help individuals suffering from chronic or severe pain, there are many concerns regarding the undiluted...

What Is the Difference Between Organic and Synthetic Drugs?

For centuries people used herbs to treat ailments, prevent diseases, relieve pain and to remedy a host of other physical and psychological health problems. Many cultures have relied on herbs and natural drugs, because they have seen the medical wonders these substances can do. In the past, all medicines were natural, and the body can process herbs with fewer toxic or adverse side effects than with the synthetic...

Can Substance Abuse Cause Delusions?

Abusing certain substances can lead to delusions and temporary delusional disorder. Drug-induced delusions typically occur while someone is under the influence of a substance, or for as long as substance abuse continues. Delusions may also occur during drug detox, and they may continue for up to one week after discontinuing the use of a substance. A delusion is characterized by having an absolute belief that a...

The Difference Between Depression and Feeling Down

Am I depressed or just feeling down? Circumstances can alter your life in ways that can affect your emotions or mood and can even cause extreme feelings of hopelessness. In such cases, it is important to understand the difference between feeling down and experiencing depression. Feeling Down Having a bad morning can alter the course of your entire day and make you feel down. You may experience anger, sadness,...

The Dangers of Abusing Multiple Depressants

Multiple Depressants While you or an addicted loved one may have a drug of choice when it comes to substance abuse, addiction and dependence are rarely limited to one substance. In fact, polydrug abuse is an unfortunately common occurrence: according to the American Family Physician, “an estimated 80 percent of benzodiazepine abuse is part of polydrug abuse” (“Addiction: Part I. Benzodiazepines—Side Effects,...

How Addictive Is Nicotine?

Nicotine addiction Although completely legal and easily available, cigarettes are a highly addictive drug. The main active ingredient, nicotine, is a stimulant that causes a wide range of responses in the brain. Nicotine, in fact, is easily as addictive as heroin or cocaine. It creates both physical and psychological dependence in 90% of smokers and can be incredibly difficult, if not impossible, to quit without...

The Relationship between Homelessness and Alcohol Addiction

The image of a homeless person clutching a bottle or smelling of gin is almost a cliché in American culture, but the truth is that there is a very close relationship between homelessness and alcoholism that is more complicated than many people think. According to the National Coalition for the Homeless up to 38% of homeless people are addicted to alcohol and 26% abused other substances. What many people do not...

Retirees and Alcohol Addiction

Many young people grow out of alcohol abuse as they take on the full family and career responsibilities of adult life. Unfortunately, some also develop alcohol addiction as children leave the home and they retire from their jobs. While retirees are supposed to be entering a time of leisure, retirement holds many potential threats of alcohol addiction. An Established Relationship By the time many people retire, they...

Alcohol Abuse Rates in Australia

Alcohol is a central nervous system depressant that is made by fermenting yeast, sugars and starches. Alcohol affects each user a little bit differently based on the user’s age, gender, race and weight, as well as the amount consumed and what it was consumed with, such as food or medications. Alcohol abuse results in decreased health, broken relationships and impaired ability to work. Alcoholism is a disease...

Recreational Alcohol Abuse among 18-25 Year Olds

Americans in all age groups widely abuse alcohol, partially because the substance is legal and also because many people do not consider it a drug. Alcohol is socially acceptable, is used openly in many social settings, is sold in many places and is advertised in the media. However, the fact is that alcohol is a drug, and a very hard drug at that. Get help today if you abuse alcohol and need to quit drinking as soon...

Is Drinking Absinthe Dangerous?

Absinthe became very popular in the late 1800s in France and also in the heavily French-influenced American city of New Orleans. Absinthe was most popular in bohemian and artistic circles and gained a reputation as a powerful and highly addictive psychoactive substance. While absinthe, like any other alcoholic beverage, can be very addictive, subsequent research has demonstrated that its reported psychoactive...

Alcohol Consumption and Endorphins

The positive feelings that many drinkers feel after consuming alcohol may be due to the brain releasing endorphins, which are are small proteins with opiate-like effects that are produced naturally in the brain. Dr. Jennifer Mitchell PhD, a clinical project director at the Ernest Gallo Clinic and Research Center and an adjunct assistant professor of neurology at the University of California, San Francisco, was the...

Why You Can’t Remember What Happens When You Drink Too Much

“If recreational drugs were tools, alcohol would be a sledgehammer,” said Dr. Aaron M. White, Ph.D., assistant research professor, Department of Psychiatry, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina. Alcohol affects and generally impairs nearly all cognitive functioning, including the brain’s ability to store information and form new memories. Alcohol and Memory Formation In 1968 researchers Atkinson and...

Dangers of Drinking because Your Spouse Does

If you are married to a person with a drinking problem you may find yourself drinking simply because your partner does. But by engaging in this behavior you put yourself at risk for all the dangers that can come with regular alcohol consumption. In addition, you may be enabling addiction in your spouse and prolonging the treatment you both need. Direct Consequences of Spousal Drinking The direct consequences of...

Who Is at Risk For Functional Alcoholism?

Many people think it is easy to pinpoint an alcoholic as someone who is unable to hold a steady job, take care of his family or pay his bills. However, functional alcoholism is a widespread problem that is often kept secret from friends, family members and coworkers. Functional alcoholics may not realize or be unwilling to recognize their own alcohol dependency. Functional alcoholics are individuals who are...

Dangers of Combining Alcohol and Energy Drinks

In a survey sponsored by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), energy drinks were first introduced in 1997. There were more than 500 new energy drinks launched worldwide in 2006, causing the energy drink market to become a $5.7 billion industry. Most individuals consume energy drinks without any awareness of the impact the ingredients can have on their body. Because many energy drinks contain vitamins and herbs,...

Why Is It Difficult to Quit Drinking?

People who have attempted to quit drinking on their own have found out that it is quite difficult for many reasons. From how pervasive alcohol is in society, to the uncomfortable withdrawal symptoms, many factors keep people drinking alcohol. But, with the right help, you can get and stay sober for good. Alcohol in Culture Alcohol plays a part in just about every culture through a variety of everyday experiences and...

How Many Drinks Can I Have Before I Can’t Drive?

There are many variables to factor when determining whether someone can drive after drinking, and the first is blood alcohol content. The term itself refers to the amount of alcohol relative to the amount of blood in a person’s body. This number depends on the percentage of pure alcohol in the drinks being consumed, the drinker’s body weight and the amount of time that the person has been drinking. The legal...

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